Instructions for Authors

The manuscript text should be written in English and provided in a digital file compatible with “Microsoft Word” (in DOC, DOCX, or RTF format). All figures (including those in layouts/combinations) must be provided in individual and separate files, according to recommendations described under the specific topic. Photographs, micrographs, and radiographs should be provided in TIFF format, according to the recommendations described under the specific topic. Charts, drawings, layouts, and other vector illustrations must be provided in a PDF format individually in separate files, according to the recommendations described under the specific topic. Manuscripts that do not agree to the Instructions will be refused prior to peer-review. 

Manuscript Categories

The authors should state in the cover letter that the manuscript is intended to be Full-length Original Article, Review Article, Short Communication, Mini-review article, Concepts and Comments and Book Reviews.

Original Articles

Includes biomedical, clinical, educational or policy research that has not been previously published. Articles undergo a peer review process by members of the editorial board and others with expertise in the field addressed in the research.Approval and Informed Consent – For all manuscripts reporting data from studies involving human participants or animals, formal review and approval (or waiver) must be obtained from an institutional review board or ethics committee and should be described in the Methods section. For studies involving human subjects, also state in the Methods section how informed consent was obtained from the participants, whether oral or written.

Length: 3000 words (12 manuscript pages), not including abstract, references, tables, figures or boxes.

References: Up to 25.

Tables/Figures/Boxes: Up to 5. 

Review Articles

Provide a systematic, in-depth analysis of the available literature on a specific clinical, educational or public health topic, with an emphasis on evidence-based research. They should include discussion of any differences of opinion or unresolved issues, and must be up-to-date with references. Reviews are often well suited for journal CME.

Length: 4000 words (16 manuscript pages), not including abstract, references, tables, figures or boxes.

References: No more than 50.

Case Reports

Can include either a single case or a case series that addresses unusual manifestations of common problems or unusual or rare occurrences in the clinical setting. Case reports should contain sufficient clinical information for readers to understand the case itself, provide a thoughtful review of how the case fits into the context of the problem being addressed, and should make clear how the case report adds to the medical literature.

Informed Consent: If images or data in a case report manuscript could be used to identify a patient, a signed statement of informed consent to publish (in print and online) should be obtained. This should be indicated in the Acknowledgment section of the manuscript.

Length: 2000 words (8 manuscript pages), not including abstract, references, tables, figures or boxes.

References: Up to 15.

Tables/Figures/Boxes: Up to 3.

Brief Reports

Are for presenting the results of local demonstration projects, pilot studies or preliminary research. Included in this category are Health Innovations submissions-reports that showcase the outcomes of initiatives and interventions being tested in clinical and community settings to improve health care quality and delivery, patient safety and satisfaction, and cost efficiency. Consideration is given to the originality of the intervention or initiative, potential to inform others and ability to replicate the results.

Length: 1500 words (6 manuscript pages), not including abstract, references, tables, figures or boxes.

References: Up to 10.

Tables/Figures/Boxes: Up to 3.


Are meant to provide an in-depth overview of an area of clinical medicine, policy or education that the WJPN Editor and the Editorial Board have chosen to highlight. These are generally solicited, but on occasion are published from submissions. Commentaries should be between 700-1500 words (3-6 pages) and may include up to 15 references.

Letters should be addressed to the WJPN Editor and, when commenting on published content, should include the correct reference. Letters should not exceed 400 words or 2 pages, and may include up to 5 references.

Editorials are solicited rather than submitted, and relate to content in a specific issue of WJPN. Word count should be between 700-900 words (3-4 pages).

The manuscript must be presented in the following order

  1. Title page.
  2. Structured Abstract (or summary for case reports).
  3. Main text.
  4. Tables and Figures. They must be cited in the main text in numerical order.
  5. Acknowledgments.
  6. Funding statement, competing interests and any grants or fellowships supporting the study.
  7. List of references.

Title Page

  1. Title of the article- written in English (a concise statement of the major contents of the article).
  2. Authors' names, departments, institutions, city, and country of all co-authors.
  1. Corresponding author's name, postal address, Tel and fax number, and email
  1. Running title, reflecting the content of the manuscript and no more than 40 characters
  2. Up to six keywords or phrases suitable for use in an index (the use of MeSH terms is recommended).
  3. Word count - excluding title page, abstract, references, figures/tables and their legends.
  4. Type of article.


All Original Articles, Brief Reports, Reviews, Meta-analysis should be submitted with abstracts of no more than 250 words. It must be self-contained and clear without reference to the text, and briefly describing the main parts of the manuscript of the study and emphasizing the most significant data. All information reported in the abstract must appear in the text. The abstracts of Case reports should not be structured, nor present headlines.

Main Text

The text should follow the structure required for each type of manuscript. Citations within the text should be numbered sequentially using Arabic numerals in parentheses and superscript, undated and preferably without reference to authors'names.

Introduction: This should present the relevance of the study, and its connection with other published works in the same line of research or field, identifying its limitations and possible biases. The objective of the study should be concisely presented at the end of this section.

Materials and Methods: These should be described and referenced in sufficient detail for other investigators to be able to evaluate and repeat the study. The source of hormones, unusual chemicals and reagents, and special pieces of apparatus should be stated. For modified methods, only the modifications should be described.

Results: These should be presented in the same order as the experiment was performed. The most significant results should be described. Text, tables, and figures should not be repetitive. Statistically relevant results should be presented with enclosed corresponding p values.

Tables: These must be numbered and cited consecutively in the main text, in Arabic numerals. Tables must be submitted separately from the text in DOC, DOCX, or RTF format.

Discussion: This must discuss the study results in relation to the work hypothesis and relevant literature. It should describe the similarities and differences of the study in relation to similar studies found in literature, and provide explanations for the possible differences found. It must also identify the study’s limitations and make suggestions for future research.

Conclusions: These must be presented in a concise manner and be strictly based on the results obtained in the research. Detailing of results, including numerical values, etc., must not be repeated.

Conflict of interest

A conflict-of-interest statement for all authors must be included in the main document after the text. All of the authors of the manuscript must declare situations that may influence the development or the conclusions of the work in an improper manner. These situations can be financial, political, academic or commercial. Even if authors have no relevant conflict of interest to disclose, this should be indicated in the Acknowledgments section.


The Acknowledgments section should include the names of those people who contributed to a study but did not meet the requirements for authorship. It must be brief, used to thank/quote people, scholarships, projects and support received from organisms of promotion.The names of the financing organizations must be fully written.


References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text, tables, and legends identified with Arabic numerals. Presentation should be based on the ‘’AMA’’ (American Medical Association). Use Arabic superscript numerals outside periods and commas, and inside colons and semicolons. Journal titles should be abbreviated according to the style presented by the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus, from the National Library of Medicine. There will be no restrictions on the reference article source language, despite the recommendation be in English, however the title should be translated and presented in English, between brackets.For all references, the names of the first six authors should be included; beyond six, et al should be indicated after the first six names.Journal references should include the issue number in parentheses after the volume number.

In text referencing examples:

  • Diabetes mellitus is associated with a high risk of foot ulcers.1-3
  • Several interventions have been successful at increasing compliance.11,14-16
  • The data of Smith et al 18 is further evidence of this effect.
  • As reported previously,1,3-6

Journal Article

Journal article (1-6 authors)

Hu P, Reuben DB. Effects of managed care on the length of time that elderly patients spend with physicians during ambulatory visits. Med Care 2002; 40(7): 606-613.

Journal article with more than six authors

Geller AC, Venna S, Prout M, et al. Should the skin cancer examination be taught in medical school? Arch Dermatol 2002; 138(9): 1201-1203.


McKenzie BC. Medicine and the Internet: Introducing Online Resources and Terminology. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 1997. p. 230-236.

Book chapter

Guyton JL, Crockarell JR. Fractures of acetabulum and pelvis. In: Canale ST, editor. Campbell's operative orthopaedics. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby, Inc; 2003. p. 2939-2984.

Web sites

American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2003. Accessed March 3, 2003.